Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common problem associated with ageing, and can be the total inability to achieve erection, the inconsistent ability to do so, or the tendency to sustain only short erections. The disorder may be mild, moderate or severe. It is important to note that ED is treatable at any age. More men have been seeking help and returning to normal sexual activity because of improved, successful treatment for ED.

An erection involves a certain sequence of events. If any one of these events are disrupted or do not occur, ED can arise. This sequence involves nerve impulses in the brain, spinal column, and area around the penis, and requires a response in muscles, fibrous tissues, veins, and arteries in and around the spongy tissues in the penis. In older men, ED usually has a physical cause, such as disease, injury, or side effects of drugs.

The most common cause of ED is damage to nerves, arteries, smooth muscles, and fibrous tissues, which usually occurs as a result of disease. These diseases include diabetes, kidney disease, chronic alcoholism, multiple sclerosis, atherosclerosis, vascular disease, and neurological disease. Damage to nerves and arteries can also occur as a result of surgery on the prostate or bladder, as well as physical trauma to the pelvic area or spinal cord. Certain medication such as blood pressure drugs, antihistamines, antidepressants, tranquillisers, appetite suppressants, and cimetidine, can contribute to ED.

A factor, which may perhaps not be considered as much as it should be, is lifestyle. Lifestyle choices such as smoking, being overweight, and avoiding exercise, can contribute to heart disease and vascular problems, thereby increasing the risk of ED. Causes are not only limited to biological. Psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, guilt, depression, low self-esteem, and fear of sexual failure can also play a role in ED. In order to prescribe the correct form of treatment it is important that your specific diagnosis be made based on your unique circumstances.

Treatment of erectile dysfunction ranges from simple non-invasive to invasive procedures. For practical purposes, physicians will generally start with suggesting a few lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, losing excess weight, and increasing physical activity. Reducing the intake of drugs or changing the class of drug, which have ED as a side effect, is key. Drug treatment options include Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis. These drugs work by enhancing the effects of nitric oxide, a chemical that relaxes smooth muscles in the penis during sexual stimulation and allows increased blood flow.

With a wide range of treatment options available, there is no need to live with erectile dysfunction. Thereís no reason why you canít lead a happy, healthy and fulfilling life.

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